Materials and methods scientific paper

How to write a materials and methods section of a scientific article?

materials and methods scientific paper

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Research articles contain very specific sections, usually dictated by either the target journal or specific style guides. For example, in the social and behavioral sciences, the American Psychological Association APA style guide is used to gather information on how the manuscript should be arranged. Very simply, the study is designed to meet the objective. According to APA, a Methods section comprises of the following three subsections: participants, apparatus, and procedure. In biological sciences, the Methods section might be more detailed, but the objectives are the sameóto present the study clearly and concisely so that it is understandable and can be duplicated. If animals including human subjects were used in the study, authors should ensure to include statements that they were treated according to the protocols outlined to ensure that treatment is as humane as possible. Research conducted at an institution using human participants is overseen by the Institutional Review Board IRB with which it is affiliated.

The scientific format may seem confusing for the beginning science writer due to its rigid structure which is so different from writing in the humanities. One reason for using this format is that it is a means of efficiently communicating scientific findings to the broad community of scientists in a uniform manner. Another reason, perhaps more important than the first, is that this format allows the paper to be read at several different levels. For example, many people skim Titles to find out what information is available on a subject. Others may read only titles and Abstracts.

Setting the Scene: Best Practices for Writing Materials and Methods

Materials and Methods

In addition the Methods section should give readers enough information so that they can repeat the experiments. Reviewers should look for potential sources of bias in the way the study was designed and carried out, and for places where more explanation is needed. The specific types of information in a Methods section will vary from field to field and from study to study. However, some general rules for Methods sections are:. You may suggest if additional experiments would greatly improve the quality of the manuscript. Remember that almost any study could be strengthened by further experiments, so only suggest further work if you believe that the manuscript is not publishable without it. JavaScript is currently disabled, this site works much better if you enable JavaScript in your browser.

How to write the Method part 1

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Please log in to track the publication status of your book or article and enjoy your free eBook. For authors: Request password. This persistent ID distinguishes you from every other researcher. Automated linkages between you and your publications or reviews ensure that your work is recognized. This section provides the reader with all the details of how you conducted your study.

4 thoughts on “Materials and methods scientific paper

  1. Tips for writing a good Materials and Methods section, improving credibility and reproducibility of your manuscript.

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